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磁性纳米颗粒Fe3O4@PEI 介导靶向自杀基因联合磁流体热疗对肝癌移植瘤的抑制作用[J].袁晨燕,安艳丽,王玲.中国肿瘤生物治疗杂志,2018,(9):913~919.
磁性纳米颗粒Fe3O4@PEI 介导靶向自杀基因联合磁流体热疗对肝癌移植瘤的抑制作用    点此下载全文    点此浏览HTML全文
袁晨燕  安艳丽  王玲
东南大学附属中大医院检验中心,江苏南京210009
基金项目:国家自然基金青年项目资助(No. 81501525)
DOI:10.3872/j.issn.1007-385X.2018.09.011
摘要:
      目的:探讨磁性纳米颗粒Fe3O4@PEI介导靶向自杀基因联合磁流体热疗对肝癌移植瘤的特异性杀伤作用。方法:亚克隆基因重组法构建靶向肝癌的自杀基因p[HRE]AFP-HSVTK和肿瘤细胞成像报告基因载体p[HRE]AFP-Luc,并用限制性内切酶凝胶电泳法检测重组质粒是否构建成功。共沉淀法制备Fe3O4 纳米粒并以聚乙烯亚胺(PEI)修饰后得到磁性纳米颗粒Fe3O4@PEI,将其作为肿瘤基因治疗的载体和磁流体热疗的介质,并利用透射电镜、粒径仪、傅里叶转换红外光谱等对Fe3O4@PEI进行表征鉴定。利用小动物活体成像仪检测Fe3O4@PEI 系统运送报告基因p[HRE]AFP-Luc 至荷瘤裸鼠后的生物发光信号。p[HRE]AFP-HSVTK/Fe3O4@PEI作用于肝癌细胞后,以MTT法检测细胞增殖抑制率,流式细胞仪检测凋亡细胞比例,动物实验验证体内肿瘤生长速度及瘤体质量抑制效果,并用透射电镜分析肿瘤组织的亚细胞结构。结果:成功构建磁性纳米颗粒Fe3O4@PEI以及重组载体p[HRE]AFP-HSVTK和p[HRE]AFP-Luc,经尾静脉注射Fe3O4@PEI运送的p[HRE]AFP-Luc后,活体成像系统显示仅能在裸鼠肿瘤组织检测到明显的成像信号,其主要器官病理组织分析明显病理损伤。在体外肿瘤细胞杀伤试验中,联合治疗组细胞增殖抑制率分别高于磁流体热疗组和基因治疗组[ (76.02±7.33)% vs (42.31±4.28)%、(47.76±4.81)%,均P<0.05],联合治疗组瘤细胞的凋亡率高于单独热疗组和基因治疗组[ (34.05±3.41)% vs (14.41±1.55)%、(11.64±1.20)%,均P<0.01]。体内治疗实验显示,联合治疗组移植瘤体积增长明显减慢甚至下降,瘤块质量显著小于其他单独治疗组(P<0.05);瘤块细胞亚结构出现明显的凋亡形态。结论:自杀基因p[HRE]AFP-HSVTK对肝癌细胞具有选择性杀伤作用,Fe3O4@PEI可以作为有效的基因治疗载体和磁流体热疗的介质,其介导的肝癌靶向治疗联合磁流体热疗能特异地抑制肝癌移植瘤。
关键词:磁性纳米颗粒  Fe3O4@PEI  靶向基因治疗  磁流体热疗  联合治疗
Magnetic nanoparticles Fe3O4@PEI induced targeted suicide gene therapy combined with magnetic fluid hyperthermia on hepatoma xenograft    Download Fulltext
YUAN Chenyan  AN Yanli  WANG Ling
Inspection Center, Affiliated Zhong Da Hospital of Southeast University, Nanjing 210009,Jiangsu, China
Fund Project:Project supported by the Youth Project of National Natural foundation of China (No.81501525)
Abstract:
      Objective: To investigate the specific killing effect of magnetic nanoparticles Fe3O4@PEI induced targeted suicide gene therapy combined with magnetic fluid hyperthermia on hepatoma xenograft. Methods: The suicide gene targeting hepatoma p[HRE]AFP-HSVTK and tumor cell imaging reporter gene vector p[HRE]AFP-Luc were constructed by sub-cloning gene recombination method, and tested by restriction endonuclease gel electrophoresis. Fe3O4 nano-particles were prepared by co-precipitation method and modified by Polyethyleneimine (PEI) to obtain the magnetic nano-particles Fe3O4@PEI,which could be used as carrier for tumor gene therapy and a medium for magnetic fluid hyperthermia treatment; and the characterization of Fe3O4@PEI was identified by transmission electron microscopy,particle size analyzer and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The reporter genes p[HRE]AFP-Luc were delivered into the nude mice bearing xenografts via tail vein by Fe3O4@PEI, then the bioluminescence signals of mice were observed in an IVIS system. After the treatment of p[HRE]AFP-HSVTK/Fe3O4@PEI, the tumor cell inhibition rate was examined by MTT assay, the cell apoptosis was tested by Flow cytometry, the in vivo tumor development rate and tumor inhibition rate was tested by animal experiment, and the sub-cellular construction of tumor cells was observed by Transmission electron microscopy. Results: Nano-particles Fe3O4@PEI and recombinant vectors p[HRE]AFP-HSVTK and p[HRE]AFP-Luc were successfully constructed; after tale vein injection, image signals were detected only in tumor tissues via IVIS system, but no obvious pathologic damage in other major organs. In the in vitro cell killing test, the cell proliferation inhibition rate and the cell apoptosis rate in combination group was higher than that in hyperthermia treatment group and gene treatment group [inhibition rate: (76.02±7.33)% vs (42.31±4.28)%,(47.76±4.81)%, all P<0.05; apoptosis rate: (34.05±3.41)% vs (14.41±1.55)%,(11.64±1.20)%,all P<0.01]. The in vivo treatment showed that tumor volume development significantly slowed-down and even decreased in combination treatment group, and the tumor mass were significantly smaller than those of the single treatment groups (all P<0.05); and the tumor cell sub - cellular structure showed obvious apoptotic morphology. Conclusion: the suicide gene p [HRE]AFP-HSVTK has specific killing effect on hepatoma cells, Fe3O4@PEI can be used as effective gene treatment carrier and media of magnetic heperthermia treatment; Fe3O4@PEI mediated target treatment combined with magnetic fluid hyperthermia treatment could specifically inhibit the hepatoma xenograft.
Keywords:magnetic nanoparticles  targeted-gene therapy  magnetic inducing heating  Fe3O4@PEI
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